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Rafiu Oyesola Salawu1, Aina-Obe Shamsuddin Bolatitio2 and Safina Masibo3
» doi: 10.48047/ecb/2023.12.12.139


It has been discovered over the years that most students lack a proper understanding of both theoretical framework (TF) and conceptual framework (CF) and the distinctions between the two. The researcher is required to anchor the work on either a conceptual framework or a theoretical framework. Both are essential ingredents for research studies because they both lay the foundation for interpreting and understanding the phenomena under study as both terms are used interchangeably despite their distinct meanings and purposeful uses. This article tends to give a conceptual clarification of these two concepts, their development and importance. Data were obtained from secondary sources-documentary survey type. It used content analysis to analyse data. The study is enriely a library desk research without any fieldwork component. The study revealed the distinction, importance, construction and development of conceptual and theoretical frameworks. As conceptual defines the key concepts, variables, and relationships in a research study as a roadmap that outlines the researcher’s understanding of how different concepts are interrelated, the theoretical present a structure of theories, models, and concepts that guide the research process and helps the researchers to develop the research questions or the needed hypotheses. The study recommended that researchers should take advantage of the two frameworks in their research activities because they will both clearly allow them to get a good idea of their work, benefit future readers and users and increase the work's stability. It also makes their findings generalizable.

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