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Pharmacognostic evaluation, chemical characterization, and antioxidant and anti-arthritic efficacy of Ardisia solanacea leaves

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Lingarkar Silpavathi*1, Mukesh Kumar Das2, Prafulla Kumar Sahu3, Sukumar Purohit3, Manoj Pani4, Debajyoti Das1,
» doi: 10.48047/ecb/2023.12.12.71


Background: Traditional medicine is the mainstay of care for the majority of Indians who suffer from serious illnesses. The well-known Indian herb Ardisia solanacea (Poir.) Roxb (family: Myrsinaceae) exhibits intriguing pharmacological properties, such as immunomodulatory and cytotoxic actions. Objective: To investigate the pharmacognostic, physical-chemical, GC-MS characterisation, and biological activity of leaves from Ardisia solanacea (AS) plant. Materials and methods: The present study included an organoleptic study, macroscopy, microscopy, powder microscopy, histochemistry, physicochemical parameters, fluorescence analysis, total phenolic content, total flavonoid content, and GC-MS characterization to assess the plant's pharmacognostic potential. Following verification, the plant's leaf extract was successfully tested for in vitro anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.

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