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Suchi Avnalurini Sharief1, Rahmawati Minhajat2*, Deviana Soraya Riu3, Agussalim Bukhari4 Ira Jayanti5, Sitti Patimah6
» doi: 10.48047/ecb/2023.12.12.208


Normocytic anaemia is one of the classifications of anaemia according to the morphology of the cells and the haemoglobin they contain. This study aimed to analyse the degree of normocytic anaemia in pregnant women based on peripheral blood smears. This study used a quantitative, descriptive, and analytic observational design with a cross-sectional method. The sampling technique used a purposive side based on criteria: third-trimester pregnant women who checked their pregnancies at the mother and child hospital and health centre in Makassar City. The population in this study was 92 third-trimester pregnant women; of the 92 third-trimester pregnant women, there were 50 pregnant women with normocytic anaemia (haemoglobin < 11 g/dL) with an MCV of 80-100 fL. The analysis used the SPSS version 23 application, and the analysis was carried out using the chi-square test and the risk factor test to see the risk factor (OR). Most of the anaemia was normocytic, mild anaemia was 92%, followed by moderate anaemia, 8% and no severe anaemia was found. Five features of peripheral blood smears were found in normocytic anaemia, namely a description of the cause of chronic disease accompanied by signs of infection 52%, a description of the cause of infection 24%, a description of decreased kidney function 14%, description of peripheral blood analysis within normal limits 8% and description of the cause of chronic disease accompanied by impaired liver function 2%. Examination of peripheral blood smears produces diagnostic clues for normocytic anaemia even though it only describes the results in terms of the cause, so additional investigations are needed to determine the cause and true diagnosis of normocytic anaemia in third-trimester

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