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Correlation between the timing of ASV (Anti Snake Venom) administration and outcome of haemotoxic snake envenomation

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Dr. Mitali Basu, Dr. Sudipta Pal, Dr. Andyson Manih
» doi: DOI: 10.31838/ecb/2023.12.si6.079


Snake bite is a common medical emergency in tropical region, particularly in the rural areas. WHO (World Health Organization) described this health hazard as neglected disease in South East Asian region. It is estimated that approximately 80,000 to 1,00,000 envenomation occurs per year in India with 3000 to 10,000 deaths annually. Aims:To determine the outcome of haemotoxic snake bite patient with special reference to correlation between the timing of ASV administration and reduction of complications in snake bite envenomation. Materials and Methods: The present study was a observational analytic study. This Study was conducted from 1st January 2020 to 31st December 2020 (1 year) at Department of General Medicine IPD in BankuraSammilani Medical College & Hospital. Result: As bite to needle time increased, the complications like DIC, AKI, septic shock, cellulitis were also increased. Conclusion:It is evident that earlier the administration of ASV, lesser the complications and duration of stay and better the prognosis. The incidence of complications was directly proportional to the duration of venom in the blood prior to its neutralization by ASV.

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