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Assessment of soil degradation and resilience at some areas in El-Qalyubia Governorate, Egypt

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WaelAbd El-Kawya, Batool Adela*, Ali Abd El-Hameeda ,RafaatRamadanb
» doi: 10.48047/ecb/2023.12.12.85


Land deterioration is clearly observed in various regions with arid and semi-arid climates. Land degradation is defined as a phenomenon that causes a current or potential decline in the ability of soil to produce goods. Soil resilience is a concept that has recently been introduced in soil science to address the ecological environment of soil and issues related to sustainable land use. The goals of this study are as follows: (1) to create a physiographic soil map of the soil in the studied area using remote sensing techniques; and (2) to identify some soil properties such as effective soil depth, salinity, and alkalinity in the explored area over the past 55 years in order to generate soil resilience maps and assess soil degradation. To determine the major physiographic units in the area, Software 5.3 was used to process the "Landsat OlI 8" images and digital elevation model. Sedimentary deposits are among the recognized units.Morphological descriptions were conducted as well as soil samples for physical and chemical analysis. Out of thirty soil profiles, fifteen were selected to represent different map drawing units.

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