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A Comprehensive study of Vidanga: Phytochemical and Pharmacological Activitiesand Novel formulation an overview

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1Monika Dhaka,2Anshika Garg,3Mohd Habban Akhter,4Babita Kumar,5Anuradha Verma,6Nidhi JainKangkan Sarma
» doi: : 10.48047/ecb/2023.12.12.172


Embeliaribes is a woody shrub distributed throughout India belongs to Myrsinaceae family. It is commonly known as false black pepper and Vidanga as per Ayurvedic system of medicine.It is of great demand in Ayurveda and pharmaceutical industries. It has been used traditionally since many centuries as medicinal remedy for several diseases.Embelia species was first identified by Sushruta, Father of surgery and was mainly known for anthelmintic property. Later, Dr. Harris found it effective in tapeworm infection through an ancient Arabic writing named birang-I-kabuli. It is known for its digestive, carminative, laxative and anthelminticproperties since time immemorial. Due to over exploitation of this plant for therapeutic and research purpose, it has been reported in red data book as vulnerable. Several naturally occurring bioactive molecules present in Embeliaribesare used for their diverse range of pharmacological activities such as anti-inflammatory, antiviral, antimicrobial. antioxidant, antidiabetic, anticancer, wound healing, cardioprotective, neuroprotective and hepatoprotective activities. Embelin is a hydroxyl benzoquinone with alkyl substitution in its structure and is considered one of its main phytoconstituent. This review provides a comprehensive overview of several phytoconstituents present in Embeliaribesand various pharmacological activities exhibited by embelin that will help in exploring the unexplored areas of pharmacology attributable to this plant. This review highlights the areas of research where this endangered plant species has been extensively studied and also focuses on the current status of this medicinal plant.

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