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The Egyptian-Turkish dispute in light of Türkiye's accession to the Baghdad Pact in 1955

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Oday Najim Abdulallah , prof.Dr. Jaseem Mohammed
» doi: 10.48047/ecb/2023.12.si6.064


This research attempts to shed light on the Egyptian position on the establishment of the Baghdad Pact and to indicate its role and the extent of its impact on the political situation between Egypt and Turkey. This angered Turkey and promised him a direct challenge to it. Hence the differences between Egypt and Turkey began, and here came the Turkish response to the Turkish Prime Minister Adnan Menderes on the twenty-first of October 1955 by saying that while I feel sorry for Egypt's behavior, I am sure that Syria has succumbed to the pressure exerted on it by Egypt. The Egyptian response came by refusing or allying with the West and adhering to its historical position against this project, stressing that Egypt's accession to it would lead to strengthening the colonial presence in the Middle East region. Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser became the undisputed Arab leader because of his hostility to the West and his refusal to attempt to establish any Western project in the region. Turkey pursued a biased policy towards the West at the Bandung Conference, which included Asian and African countries, and their different political orientations led to a clear schism between the two sides on the international scene.

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