ELECTROCHEMICAL INHIBITION BIOSENSOR ARRAY FOR RAPID DETECTION OF WATER POLLUTIONS BASED ON BACTERIA IMMOBILIZED ON SCREEN-PRINTED GOLD ELECTRODES
This work reports on the development of a bacteria-based inhibition biosensor array for detection of different types of pollutions, i.e. heavy metal ions (Zn2+), pesticides (DDVP) and petro-chemicals (pentane), in water. The biosensor chip for preliminary identification of the above water pollutants is based on three types of bacteria (Escherichia coli, Shewanella oneidensis and Methylosinus trichosporium) immobilized on screen-printed gold electrode surface via poly L-lysine which provides strong adhesion of bacterial monolayer to the electrode without losses of biological function. A series of optical measurements and DC electrochemical measurements were carried out on these three types of bacteria species immobilized on modified screen printed gold electrodes as well as on the bacteria in solution samples. The principle of electrochemical detection of pollutants is based on the facts that live bacteria adsorbed (or immobilized) on the electrode surface appeared to be insulating and thus reducing the electrochemical current, while the bacteria damaged by pollutants are less insulating. The results obtained demonstrated different effects of the three different types of analytes studied, e.g. Zn2+, DDVP, and pentane, on the three bacteria used. The findings are encouraging for application of a pattern recognition approach for identification pollutants which may lead to development of a novel, simple, and cost-effective bio-sensing array for preliminary detection of environmental pollutants in water.
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